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What causes infertility in women

What causes infertility in women


One third of the infertility problems in couples are due to the female infertility problems and one third is due to male infertility and remaining is due to factors involving in both and in some cases unknown reasons. The success rates are different from the different couple and there are predictions and chances of having a baby. 

Causes of infertility in women

The major causes of infertility in women are problems with ovulation, fallopian tubes damage or damage to uterus and problems with cervix. Age is also main contributing factor infertility in women. 

Ovulation problems: This problem mainly occurs when the egg does not mature in the ovaries. This problem may be caused by:

  • Hormonal imbalance
  • A tumor or cyst 
  • Eating disorders like anorexia or bulimia
  • Lifestyle factors like smoking, alcohol consumption
  • Medical problems like thyroid
  • Overweight
  • Stress
  • Problems in menstrual cycle

Fallopian tubes damages or uterus damage and it can be caused by:

  • Pelvic inflammatory diseases
  • Infections
  • Uterus problems
  • Scar tissues
  • Chronic illness
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Birth defects

Presence of abnormal cervical mucus also causes infertility, as it prevents the sperm reaching the egg and it is very difficult for the sperm to penetrate into the egg.

Diagnosis of female infertility

The common infertility can be diagnosed with the physical examinations and by checking previous medical examinations. Some tests to evaluate female infertility are:

  • Urine test and blood test for evaluating the thyroid and infection problems.
  • Tests for pelvis and breasts
  • Sample test for cervical mucus and tissues to check whether ovulation is occurring or not.
  • For checking the blockages, adhesion and scar tissues, a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen.
  • For checking the blockages technically, HSG a kind of x-ray is performed by inserting a color liquid into the fallopian tubes.
  • A tiny telescope called Hysteroscopy is inserted into the uterine to check the abnormalities.
  • Abdomen or virginal ultrasound is performed to check the condition of ovaries and uterus.
  • Tracking the ovulation for continuous there months or four months would help the doctor is assessing fertility status.

Treatments for female infertility

  • Taking external hormones to balance the hormonal imbalance, endometriosis and a short menstrual cycle.
  • Taking external supplements to stimulate ovulation and supplements to enhance fertility.
  • Taking medication to remove any kind of infections.
  • Taking minor surgery to remove the blockages in fallopian tubes, uterus and pelvic area.
  • Finally taking infertility treatments like IUI, IVF, ICSI, etc. to have baby.

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