Metabolic disorders in IVF babies
Millions of people are now born with the assisted reproductive technologies such as IVF and ICSI. There is a hype that all these techniques are super expensive and are safe. But the recent studies suggest that all these techniques could cause severe health problems in future. Children who born with the assisted reproductive techniques have higher chances of having metabolic problems like high blood pressure, abnormal elevated levels of glucose and higher levels of body fat.
Causes for metabolic disorders in IVF babies
This problem is mainly due to the ART techniques changes the genes in the placenta that are crucial for the growth of fetal and development before birth of the baby. The natural process of nutrient transfer from mother to fetus may be changed by the ART and this could lead to the increment of body weight and decreased tolerance of glucose. The children who are born with one or two ART techniques have a higher risk of metabolic disorders.
For example, in the IVF and ICSI processes, the embryo which is formed outside is transferred to the surrogate mother and the baby will be delivered by caesarean section. The doctors measure the levels of glucose and insulin like growth factor 2 lgf2 and glucose transporters 1 and 3 Glut1 and Glut3 in placenta. The levels of Glut1 and Glut 3 are increased with IVF and ICSI and this can be caused by the medications used in the ICSI process. The couples need to understand the risks and long term effects of the assisted reproductive techniques as it is safe for both mother and baby.