Medication treatments for female infertility
For the female who are diagnosed with infertility, fertility drugs are the primary treatment. These drugs are in the form of orally taken and some are injected. These medications are mainly used for triggering the ovulation, which in turn increases the chances of getting pregnant. Some basic drugs that can be mostly prescribed for female infertility are:
Clomiphene or Clomiphene Citrate
Clomiphene is an orally taken drug through the mouth. The drug makes the changes in the body by producing more hormones that are responsible for the maturity of eggs in the ovaries. If there is no sign of pregnancy for six menstrual cycles, the patient needs to take different infertility treatments.
1. Clomiphene will be given on the days 3 to 5 of the menstrual cycle.
2. The drug causes 80% of ovulation and many of the women are able to achieve pregnancy.
Gonadotropins and Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG)
Gonadotropins are hormones that are injected into the women directly. This hormone helps in stimulating eggs to grow in the ovaries leads to ovulation.
- This injection is injected at the 2 or 3 days of the menstrual cycle and continues for 7 to 12 days.
- The doctor monitors the size of the developing eggs with the help of ultrasound.
- There is a chance of multiple births with the intake of this hormone.
hCG is a hormone related to leutenizing hormone that can be used to activate discharge of the egg after the follicles have developed.
Bromocriptine or Cabergoline
These pills need to take orally to treat abnormally high levels of the hormone prolactin. The intake of this medicine causes normal levels of prolactin.