With the advancement in technology, men and women who have infertility options have a number of options for their fertility problems. The advanced treatments are becoming reliable in these days. The latest technology implication in the fertility tests in selecting pre- implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) technology, called Advanced Embryo Selection. By screening the embryos before transferring them, the doctors will select the perfect embryo with exact number of chromosomes.
Pros of PGD
Detects risk of genetic disorders:
PGD can detect risk factors of various genetic disorders that a baby could get from their parents like fragile X syndrome, hemophilia, cystic fibrosis, sickle cells, chromosomal abnormalities, etc.
Enhances chances of conceiving:
The doctors select an embryo which is healthy and which increases the chances of conceiving before transferring into the uterus.
Decreases medical burdens:
If the embryo screening results in negative IVF, then the couple may go with subsequent IVF with donor egg or donor sperm. This avoids the cost of failure IVF.
Cons of PGD
More probability of embryo destruction
At the time of biopsy procedure, there is a chance 20 percent of the embryos can be damaged. The damaged embryo usually stops growing and do not ensue to the next growth phase. Damage embryos are not transferred into the uterus. But the risk of damage is very low and the couple needs to talk about the risks with doctor.
Prospect of undetected disease
No test will gives you 100 percent accuracy. There is a chance of getting some hidden and unexpected diseases with PGD screening.