If the infertility problem in the couple is mainly due to the male infertility issues, the doctor prescribes male fertility drugs that correct the hormonal imbalance in the male. These fertility drugs improve the sperm health and also increases the man potential towards fertility. Most of the men with infertility problem are diagnosed with a condition called secondary hypogonadism. This has mainly happened if the hypothalamus or the pituitary glands fail to function normally. As a result the changes in the hormones prevent normal testosterone and sperm production. This condition results in the absence of sperm or low sperm count in men.
Normal causes of male infertility are:
The normal and general cause of male infertility is mainly due to problems in the shape, size and count of the sperm and also due to:
- Male hormones imbalance
- Poor quality of sperm, mobility and motility
- Problems in sperm production
- Retrograde ejaculation
The most common fertility drugs for men are:
This is also known as Clomid, which is mainly prescribed for treating secondary hypogonadism. This drug stimulates the production of the luteinizing hormone and the follicle-stimulating hormone. The drug also enhances the production of testosterone and also semen, thus enhances the chances of conceiving.
Human menopausal gonadotropin
hMG is another fertility drug for both male and female use. This drug is mainly used for adjusting the abnormalities in the hormonal levels in the men. It stimulates the testosterone production and improves the sperm count in semen.
This drug can be taken as an injection or as a gel. This drug replenishes the low level of natural testosterone.
Side effects due to fertility drugs in men
The fertility drugs may cause some side effects in men, including:
- Sudden increment in weight
- Vision changes
- Changes in sex drive
- Breast enlargement