The researcher and the pioneer of the IVF technology, Robert Edward died in April 190, 2013 due to some medical issues. His research leads to the birth of nearly 5 million children all over the world. He won Noble prize in 2012 for his efforts in the field of Physiology and Medicine. The first ever IVF infant Louise Brown stated that she would always treat Robert Edward as her grandfather.
In 1968, he has developed and created a human blastocyst, the ball of cells that forms in the early stage of the embryo development, outside the womb for the first time. As that test becomes a success, after ten years of that, Louise Brown was born on July 25, 1978, after a fertilized egg was implanted in her mother’s uterus.
This technique has resulted in the birth of new babies more than 5 million in number and also multiple births using ART procedures. He got this idea in early 1950’s and after performing so many trial and error methods in the late 1960’s, he got success in 1978. The idea that fertilization outside the body could represent a possible treatment for infertility and many scientists did experiment with rabbit’s egg cells and sperm in test tubes.
Many controversies have come about the research and he clarified many doubts like how eggs mature, how maturity happens with hormones and the exact point of egg fertilization. At the time of creation in the early days of IVF, he created a condition that is essential for egg and sperm to survive outside the womb called a magic culture fluid and later for his success and efforts, he got the Nobel Prize. Many of the Noble committee members argue that the conception should occur only through the natural process of intercourse and it should occur outside the womb. But his efforts brought a new era in the reproduction process.