Infertility can be caused by the male and female factors. There are a number of reasons for causing infertility in men. Some reasons are due to physical problems and some are due to mental problems like stress. These problems prevent them from being ejaculated normally in semen, affect the quality and sperm production issues.
Probable male fertility causes
Infections and sexually transmitted diseases
Infections in the genital organs like Chlamydia and gonorrhea causes infertility. The infertility caused by the infection in men can be often treated with medication.
Blockages, physical damage or birth defects
Testicle blockages and abnormalities with the testicle parts prevent the sperm from getting into the semen. Physical damage to the testicles, urethra and prostate also result in severe infertility problems in men.
Instead of coming out of the penis, semen enters into the bladder. This can be caused due to diabetes, some medications and bladder or urethra surgery.
Cystic fibrosis is one of the rare genetic problems that cause infertility in men.
In rare cases, the immune system can treat sperm viruses as the foreign virus and damages them. This could a cause for the infertility in men.
Hormonal imbalance in the pituitary and thyroid glands causes infertility. There are treatments and medications for this problem.
Erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation have an impact on the male fertility. Erectile dysfunction may be caused due to psychological problems such as anxiety, guilt or low self esteem. Diabetes, high cholesterol, high bold pressure and heart diseases are the physical problems for this.
These are the enlarged varicose veins that prevent the easy flow of blood from developing the scrotum. Nearly 40% of the men are diagnosed with infertility due to this reason. Surgery for this affect reduces the infertility problem in men.
Symptoms of male infertility
There are no obvious symptoms for infertility problems in many cases and . Erection and ejaculation problems are the general signs of male infertility. The exact cause for male infertility can be evaluated with the semen analysis.
Diagnosis of male infertility
- Physical exam along with medical reports is the first diagnosing step.
- Semen analysis is the essential test to determine the quality of sperm
- Blood test to check hormonal imbalances
Treatments for male infertility
- Intake of medications to enhance sperm quality and production
- Taking hormone injections to enhance hormonal imbalance
- Artificial insemination is the best alternative for men with low sperm count