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Fibroids- a cause for female infertility

Fibroids- a cause for female infertility


Fibroids are the abnormal growths or tumors that are developed in the women’s uterus. Fibroids are being witnessed as one of the most common reasons for the infertility in women, which can be treated with the use of advanced treatments. Fibroids and infertility are related to each other, where the fibroids are the non-cancerous (benign) that grows in the uterus leading to the problems of infertility, pre-term labor and miscarriages. Fibroids in general are very common, where at least 1out of 5 women develop one or more than one fibroids in their uterus (womb).

Types of fibroids

Intramural:

These are the most common type that is located in the wall of the uterus. These grows in larger number and stretches the womb.

Subserosal fibroids

These are situated at the external part of the uterus wall and developed into pedunculated fibroids and forms in large numbers.

Submucosal fibroids

These are developed in the muscles below the uterus wall and when these tumors develop a stem, they become pedunculated fibroids.

Cervical fibroids

These are located in the neck of the womb i.e. cervix.

 

Causes of fibroids

The factors that may influence the development of fibroids are:

Hormones:

The hormones like estrogen, progesterone produced by the ovaries may stimulate the growth of fibroids.

Family history

Fibroids are the hereditary problem and women can develop easily if there is any fibroid history in their family.

Pregnancy

At the time of pregnancy, the development of estrogen and progesterone may help in the development of fibroids.

Symptoms of fibroids

The symptoms depend on the type of fibroid and tumor size. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Heavy bleeding during periods with blood clots
  • Lower back pain/pelvic pain
  • Increased urination/ menstrual cramps
  • Longer menstrual bleeding
  • Pain while intercourse
  • Pressure in lower abdomen
  • Swelling of the abdomen

Diagnosis methods for fibroids

  • Pelvic exam
  • Ultrasound
  • Pelvic MRI

Treatments for fibroids

The treatment to Fibroids includes the following steps:

  • The first step is the observation, where the cause of symptoms after menopause are being observed and if fibroids shrinks and are not causing any serious symptom, then is not required for any serious treatment.

  • The second step is the treatment with medication when during the observation phase, it is being found that the fibroids are of not more than 3cms, are given with the medication so as to improve their symptoms or to make their fibroids shrink.

  • The third step involves the Surgery treatment, where the patients when are diagnosed with the fibroids larger than 3cms are immediately recommended to the laparoscopic myomectomy treatment, which is found to be best treatments, following Hysterectomy when found really large fibroids.

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